Biography (A-Z)

A few basic details are included here: name and patronymic, profession and terms of imprisonment and incarceration. Common alternate spellings of some first names and surnames are indicated [thus].

Biographies of many may be found on the Gratitude Fund website.

A.

ALTUNYAN, Genrikh Ovanesovich (1933-2005) — born Tbilisi, died Jerusalem.

B.

BELOGORODSKAYA, Irina Mikhailovna — Wife of Vadim Delaunay.

BOGORAZ, Larissa (1930-2003) — born and died in Moscow. Wife of Anatoly Marchenko.

BUKOVSKY, Vladimir Konstantinovich (b. 1942)— b. 1942 Belebei (Bashkir ASSR). Deported to West Germany in 1976.

C.

CHALIDZE, Valery Nikolayevich (1938-2018) — born Moscow, died USA. Deprived of Soviet citizenship while visiting USA in 1972. Publisher in USSR (Social Issues) and then in United States (Khronika Press) of human-rights related material. Founding member of Moscow Human Rights Committee.

D.

DANIEL, Yuly — 1925-1988 (Moscow). Poet and prose writer. Convicted in 1966 with Andrei Sinyavsky.

DZHEMILEV, Mustafa – b, 1943 (Crimea). Student. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR. Crimean Tatar leader.

G.

GALANSKOV, Yury Timofeyevich — b. 1939 (Moscow); d. 1972 in Mordovian camps.

GINZBURG, Alexander — b. 1936 (Moscow); d. 2002 (Paris). Twice imprisoned. Released in 1979 prisoner exchange. Emigrated to France.

GORBANEVSKAYA, Natalya Yevgenievna — b. 1936 (Moscow); d. 2013 (Paris). Poet and translator from Polish. First editor-compiler of Chronicle (CCE 1-9). Emigrated to France in 1975. In 2005 she became a citizen of Poland.

GRIGORENKO, Pyotr [Petr] Grigorievich — b. 1907 (Zaporozhe, Ukraine); d. 1987 (New York). Red Army major-general in reserves.

K.

KALISTRATOVA, Sofia — b. 1907 (Kursk); d. 1989 (Moscow). Lawyer. Defended Yakhimovich, and Gorbanevskaya.

KAMINSKAYA, Dina Isaakovna — b. 1919 (Yekaterinoslav); d. 2006 (USA). At trials between 1968 and 1971 Kaminskaya defended Yury Galanskov and Alexander Ginzburg, Larisa Bogoraz and Pavel Litvinov, and Mustafa Dzhemilev and Ilya Gabai. She and her husband Konstantin Simis emigrated to the USA in 1977.

KHODOROVICH, Tatyana — Linguist. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR. Emigrated to France.

KOSTYORIN [Kosterin], Alexei Yevgrafovich — b. 1896 (Saratov); d. 1968 (Moscow). Writer. Left Party in 1968 after Czechoslovakia. Daughter Nina died during war.

KOVALYEV [Kovalev], Sergei Adamovich — b. 1930 (Seredyna-Buda, Ukraine). Biologist. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR. Editor-compiler of Chronicle. Sentenced to five years in the camps in 1975.

KRASIN, Victor — b. 1929. Economist. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR. Emigrated to the USA.

L.

LAVUT, Alexander Pavlovich — 1929-2013 (Moscow). Mathematician. Imprisoned 1980-1986. Editor-compiler of Chronicle. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR.

LEVITIN-KRASNOV, Anatoly Emmanuilovich — b. 1915 (Baku, Azerbaijan); d. 1991 (Lucerne, Switzerland). Religious writer. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR.

LYUBARSKY (Lubarsky), Kronid Arkadyevich — b. 1935 (Pskov, RSFSR); d. 1996 (Indonesia). Astrophysicist, co-inventor of Political Prisoners’ Day (1977); created and edited fortnightly USSR News Brief (1978-1992) in Munich before returning to live in Russia.

P.

PODRABINEK, Alexander Pinkhosovich — b. 1953. Medical auxiliary. Contributing editor of CCE (psychiatric abuse). Journalist and commentator.

PODYAPOLSKY, Grigory Sergeyevich — b. 1926 (Tashkent, Uzbekistan); d. 1976 (Saratov). Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR.

S.

SAKHAROV, Andrei Dmitrievich — 1921-1989 (Moscow). Nuclear physicist. Committee for Human Rights.

SHIKHANOVICH, Yury Alexandrovich — 1933-2011 (Moscow). Subject of reports in CCE and long-term editor.

SUPERFIN, Gabriel — .

T.

TALANTOV, Boris Vladimirovich — b. 1903 (Kostroma); d. 1971 in prison hospital (Kirov Region). Religious writer.

TVERDOKHLEBOV, Andrei — b. 1941 (Moscow); d. 2011 (Lansdale, Pennsylvania).

V.

VAIL, Boris Borisovich — b. 1939 (Kursk); d. 2010 (Copenhagen).

VELIKANOVA, Tatyana Mikhailovna — 1932-2002 (Moscow). Mathematician. Editor-compiler of Chronicle. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR.

Y.

YAKIR, Irina Petrovna — b. 1948 (Penza Region); d. 1999 (Jerusalem).

YAKIR, Pyotr Ionovna — b. 1923 (Kiev); d. 1982 (Moscow). Historian. Member of Action Group for Human Rights in USSR.

YEMELKINA [Emelkina], Nadezhda Pavlovna — b. 1948; d. 2010. Wife of Victor Krasin.

Z.

ZHELUDKOV, Father Sergy — b. 1909 (Moscow); d. 1984 (Pskov).