18.3 Political Prisoners in the Mordovian Camps

No 18 : 5 March 1971

1. Boris Ilich Bykov (b. 1942)

A resident of Alma-Ata [capital of Kazakhstan]. From 1959 to 1961 he worked as a loader. He then entered the Law Faculty of Alma-Ata University, where he studied until 1967 (when he was in his fourth year). At the same time he worked as deputy duty officer in the city police department. In 1967 he was arrested for creating in 1966 the organisation “Young Worker”. He was sentenced to six years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps. In October 1970 he was transferred from Mordovian camp No. 17 to Vladimir Prison until the expiry of his sentence (see Chronicle 17.12 (9)).

2. Victor Ivanovich Mednikov

Born into the family of an officer worker in the Tomsk Region [in central Siberia] in 1940. From 1957-1962 he worked as a joiner, and from 1962-1964 as a building labourer. In 1963 he was an external student at the Law Faculty of Alma-Ata University, from which he graduated in 1967. From 1964 he worked as a detective at the district police station in Alma-Ata. He was an MVD Lieutenant. From 1966, together with Bykov, he was a member of the organisation “Young Worker” (taking part in the circulation of leaflets). He was sentenced to three years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps; he was released in 1970.

3. German Vasilevich Deonisiadi

Born in 1938 near Odessa. From 1965 he was a joiner at a furniture factory in Alma-Ata. He was sentenced in the same case to five years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps.

4. Sergei Khanzhenkov

Born into the family of an office worker in Belorussia in 1942. He completed four years at the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute. In 1963hewas arrested and charged with attempting to create an anti-Soviet organisation and with preparations for an act of sabotage. He was charged with betrayal of the fatherland and sentenced to ten years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps.

5. Madzhid Akhundov (b. 1933)

An engineer and geologist. He is a graduate of Azerbaidzhan University. He was sentenced in 1969 to four years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps by a court in Baku for writing letters to various organisations.

6. Nikolai Pavlovich Bogach

Born in 1944 into the family of a Cossack in the Kuban region. From 1964 to 1968 he discharged his military service at Kronstadt. In 1968 he was a student at the Nikolayev [60 m. NE of Odessa] Agricultural Technical College. At the college he attempted to create the “Organisation for the Struggle for Social Justice”. In spring 1969 he was sentenced by Nikolayev City Court to four years of strict-regime corrective-labour camps, but the appeal court reduced the sentence to three years.

7. Ludvikas Simutis (b. 1935)

Camp No. 10 (special-regime). A Lithuanian, an active member of the underground organisation “Movement for the Freedom of Lithuania”, he was arrested in 1955 and sentenced to be shot. The Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet commuted the death sentence to 25 years of special-regime corrective-labour camps.

In July 1970 he sent a statement to the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet requesting that he be released. In it Simutis sincerely states that as before he does not feel sympathetic towards the authorities, for reasons connected with the events of his youth (the murder of his father by Chekists [secret police] in 1941, the terror, the deportation of Lithuanian families, etc.) and the conditions of his subsequent imprisonment (hunger, the nonsensical organisation of labour, etc.), but now he renounces the struggle in view of its fruitlessness, and after fifteen years’ imprisonment in poor health he asks to be released.

In a reply to Simutis from the Chief Procuracy of the USSR it is stated that there are no grounds for reconsidering his case.