19.10 Items from the Soviet Press

No 19 : 30 April 1971

The Bulletin of the USSR Supreme Court (1971, No. 1) includes material on the case of Kh. Teshayev, a worker at the Tadzhiktekstilmash factory in Dushanbe [Tadzhikistan], “who in 1968 and 1969 systematically advocated opinions among the factory workers and among individual citizens of the city which were aimed at arousing national enmity, who disseminated slanderous fabrications defaming the Soviet political and social system” and so on, and who on 7 August 1970 was convicted by the Tadzhik Supreme Court under Articles 71 (“infringement of national and racial equality”, equivalent to Article 74 of the Russian Criminal Code), 203-1 (equivalent to Article 190-1) and 220, para. 2 (equivalent to Article 206, para. 2).

On 26 November 1970 the USSR Supreme Court deleted Articles 71 and 203-1 from the sentence “in the absence of an incident” [to which these Articles would apply] and ruled that “audacious and cynical actions aimed at belittling the honour and dignity of individual citizens in connection with their national affiliations” should be defined as malicious hooliganism.

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N. Zhogin, Deputy Procurator-General of the USSR and a Doctor of Jurisprudence, has published an article entitled “Let us increase the vigilance of Soviet people” in the journal Agitator (a journal of the CPSU Central Committee), 1971 No, 2 (January), Besides writing about Amalrik and mentioning V. Bukovsky’s name, the article includes information on persons unknown to the Chronicle:

“Secretly from their parents two seventeen-year-olds, Khmelevsky and Govorukha, listened every day to the broadcasts of various foreign ‘voices’, fell under their influence without realising it, and themselves began to circulate hostile, anti-Soviet fabrications among the inhabitants of the town [which is not named, Chronicle]. They attempted to involve friends of their own age in this activity, but were duly rebuffed.

“The youths’ parents are of course principally to blame, for not concerning themselves with their upbringing. But neither can the collectives of the instrument-making factory and the vocational technical college, where Khmelevsky and Govorukha studied and worked, be absolved from responsibility …”

The same article names Misiruk (b. 1931) “who lived in a district of the Odessa Region”, a Prokofevist Evangelical Christian-Baptist, who “systematically induced the children of members of the sect to refuse to take part in the social life of the school, and forbade them to wear Pioneer neckerchiefs and stars, to join the Pioneer and Komsomol organisations and to visit the theatre and cinema. This illegal activity has been stopped and Misiruk has been convicted”.

This refers to Stepan Nikitovich Misiruk, a resident of Usatovo in the Belyayevka District of the Odessa Region, who was arrested on 20 May 1969 and sentenced under Articles 138 and 209-1 of the Ukrainian Criminal Code (equivalent to Articles 142-2 and 227-1 of the Russian Code) to four years of ordinary-regime corrective-labour camps with confiscation of property and five years in exile. Misiruk’s [camp] address: Vilkovo, Odessa Region, postbox YuG 311/79.